Getting to Mediation Through Contract Clauses


Most leading organisations try to avoid getting into court by negotiating their way to an acceptable outcome before a dispute escalates to the point that legal action is threatened or begun. Most cases settle before a legal trial (in the US, the most recent available statistics (2002) indicate that only 1.8% of legal actions filed in the US Federal Court go to full trial). Modern risk avoidance and preventive lawyering practices dictate the need for dispute resolution clauses that embrace negotiation and mediation prior to and during any legal action.

Practical guidance is available from several leading sources on framing dispute resolution clauses and there are also many useful model dispute resolution clauses that can be used to aid those preparing contracts. Inspiration for the framing of clauses can be drawn from the many examples available online.

Please advise IMI of any guidance or model clauses that might be of value to users – they can be added to the links below:

Guidance on drafting the right dispute resolution clause


American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution paper by Karol K. Denniston of DLA Piper US LLP includes the CPR Institute Master Guide on Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses (also obtainable from CPR Institute Store)

AAA - American Arbitration Association – Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses: A Practical Guide

ICDR – Guide to Drafting International Dispute Resolution Clauses

Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses that Work

Multi-Step Dispute Resolution Clauses – 7 Reasons They Work


Examples of Model Clauses


AAA - American Arbitration Association – Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses: A Practical Guide

ADC – Australian Disputes Centre

ACB Foundation (Netherlands)

ADR Center (Italy)

ADRIC – ADR Institute of Canada

AMINZ – Arbitrators’ and Mediators’ Institute of New Zealand

CEDR – Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution

CIArb – Chartered Institute of Arbitrators

CIDRA – Chicago International Dispute Resolution Association

CMAP – Centre de Médiation et d’Arbitrage (France)

CPR Institute – International Institute for Conflict Prevention & Resolution

IAMA – Institute of Arbitrators & Mediators (Australia)

IIAM – Indian Institute of Arbitration & Mediations

INTA – International Trademark Association

Ron Kelly’s Best Selected Training and Practice Handouts

Resolution Institute (also known as LEADR & IAMA) (Australia/NZ)

SCCAM - Swiss Chambers' Court of Arbitration and Mediation

Settle It Now

SIAC - Singapore International Arbitration Centre
SIMC - Singapore International Mediation Centre

            SIAC-SIMC Arb-Med-Arb Model Clause (“Arb-Med-Arb Clause”)
            The Singapore Arb-Med-Arb Clause
            SIMC Mediation Clause

SMC - Singapore Mediation Centre

USA&M – United States Arbitration & Mediation

VIAC - Vienna International Arbitration Centre

WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organisation




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